The Diamond color range is from colorless to yellow, brown, rarely green, blue, red and black. Diamonds have an adamantine luster.
Zircon, Topaz, Rock Crystal can be similar to Diamonds.
Diamond is the birthstone for April.
South Africa, Namibia, Brazil, Australia, Russia, Canada
The name Diamond refers to the stones extreme hardness and derives from the Greek word adamas - the unconquerable. It is the hardest material on earth and can only be scratched by another Diamond. It formed about 100 miles beneath the earth surface under extreme heat and pressure. In the first century AD, the Roman naturalist Pliny stated: “Diamond is the most valuable, not only of precious stones, but of all things in this world” and Diamonds have been treasured ever since. The advertising campaign of De Beers “diamonds are forever” launched back in 1938 emphasized Diamonds as synonym of love.
Care must be taken when setting Diamonds, due to perfect cleavage. Diamond jewelry should be stored separately from other jewelry, as it easily scratches other stones.